Old Panama - "Casco Viejo"

Casco Viejo

Ja havia escrito sobre o "Casco Viejo" que na realidade era a cidade antiga (hoje conhecida como Panama Viejo) que foi transladada da sua localizacao antiga apos o ataque de Henry Morgan e seus comandadosem 1671 - que resultou na destruicao da cidade. A Coroa Espanhola entao aprovou o translado da Cidade para uma peninsula mais protegida, situada a aproximadamente 8 quilometros do assentamento original. Tal peninsula estava rodeada de recifes, os quais se tornavam expostos a medida que a mare baixava, o que dificultava a aproximacao de navios inimigos. A cerimonia de fundacao da nova cidadese deu em 21 de janeiro de 1673 - dois anos apos o ataque pirata de 1671.

Inicialmente se constituia de 300 "vivendas" que pertenciam as familias abastadas da epoca e rodeada de grossas muralhas que a separavam do resto da populacao e tinham tambem proposito militar. O ponto central era a Plaza Mayor em frente a qual se localiza a Catedral metropolitana. As ruas sao estreitas, os predios antigos em estilos neo-classico, barroco, neo-renascentista, colonial espanhol, utilizacao de figuras geometricas, iconografia masonica...alguns ainda permanecem como moradias, outros transformados em lojas, restaurantes, galerias de arte, muitos ja restaurados a sua forma original (com incentivo governamental) e outros em fase de restauracao, mas muitos ainda por serem reformados.

No “Casco Viejo”, que ainda esta sendo restaurado com  auxilio governamental, podem ser visitados predios historicos como : Catedral Metropolitana (sede da arquidiocese do Panama), Iglesia Nossa Senora de La Merced (museu eclesiastico da cidade) onde figura uma estatua da Virgen de La Merced presenteada por Carlos V e trazida da Espanha em 1722, Iglesia San Jose o Altar de Oro, Museo del Canal Interoceanico(revive as origens da construcao do Canal do Panama),  Convento de Santo Domingo o Arco Chato (o arco chato original foi erguido pelos frades dominicanos em 1678), Las Bovedas (arcos apoiados sobre colunas) en Plaza de Francia, Teatro Nacional (projetado pelo arquiteto italiano Genaro Ruggieri), Palacio Bolivar ( no meio da praca se ergue um monumento em honra ao libertador Simon Bolivar),Palacio de las Garzas Presidencia de la Republica(escritorios governamentais e residencia presidencial), Mercado del Marisco.

"Casco Viejo"

I had written about Casco Viejo before, which in fact is the Old City (presently known as "Panama Viejo" ) that was transferred from its original site after the pirate attack by Henry Morgan and his crewmen - after which the town was completely destroyed. The Spanish Crown then approved the transfer of the city to a small, but more protected, peninsula situated about 8 km from the original settlement. This peninsula was surrounded by reefs that were exposed when the tide was low, which would make it difficult the approach of enemy ships. The founding ceremony of the new city was held on January 21st, 1673 - two years after the pirate attack of 1761.

Initially consisted of about 300 "vivendas"(houses) belonging to wealthy families of the time and was surrounded by thick walls that excluded the rest of the population and had also a military purpose.The center of this new city was occupied by the Plaza Mayor, in front of which stands the Metropolitan Cathedral. The streets are narrow, the old buildings bear different types of architecture styles, such as: neo-classical,baroque,spanish colonial, neo-renaissance, caribbean architecture, iconic art deco, use of masonic iconography...some are still regular houses, others were turned into shops, restaurants, art galleries, many have already been restored to its original status, some being restored but many others still to be worked on.

At Casco Viejo, which is still being remodeled with government aid, one can visit historic buildings as: Catedral Metropolitana (headquarters of the Archdiocese of Panama); Iglesia Nossa Senhora de La Merced(ecclesiastic museum of the City where there is an image of the Virgen de la Merced gifted  by Carlos 5th and brought from Spain in 1722; Iglesia San Jose o Altar de Oro; Museo del Canal Intraoceanico (relives the origins of the construction of the Canal of Panama); Convent of Santo Domingo or Arco Chato( the original arch was built by the Dominican friars  in 1678); Las Bovedas (arches supported by columns) in the Plaza de Francia; Teatro Nacional (designed by Italian architect Genaro Ruggery); Palacio Bolivar (in the middle of the square there is a monument in honor of the libertador Simon Bolivar; Palacio de las Garcas (is the governmental office and house of the President); Mercado del Marisco.

 

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Latest comments

01.07 | 17:55

Ola ,aqui e o Lula de Recife☺. Nos encontramos ontem/Sabado no Look out Point ,on the Mulholland Highway. Foi um prazer Conhece los. Curtam a Viagem.

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28.12 | 08:13

Thank you soooo much for the wishes...we are all fine, have returned from the US on the 20th to spend Christmas with family...wishing you all Happy Holidays,too

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22.12 | 23:11

Merry Christmas and Happy New Year., Daniel and Ingrid. I pray you are both well. All is well here ... think of you fondly so often. God Bless!

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29.10 | 12:03

Linda viagem. Ótimo depoimento!!!

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